Gradable / Non-gradable adjectives

形容詞既有可分級的也有不可分級的。

Adjectives can be either gradable or non-gradable

還可以同時是可分級又不可分級的。

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Gradable

可分級的

Gradable adjectives are adjectives like ‘cold’ ‘hot’ and ‘frightened’. You can be very cold or a bit cold. Gradable adjectives show that something can have different degrees.

可分級的形容詞有像“cold冷的”、“hot熱的”和“frightened害怕的”的。因為你可以非常冷(cold)或者有一點冷。可分級的形容詞表示該事物是有不同的級別的。


Non-gradable

不可分級的

Non-gradable adjectives are adjectives like ‘married’ or ‘wooden’. You can’t be very married or a bit married. Non-gradable adjectives do not have different degrees.

不可分級的形容詞像“married結婚”或者“wooden呆板的”,你不可能有點結婚或者完全結婚。不可分級的形容詞表示該事物不會有不同的等級。

Adjectives like ‘terrifying’, ‘freezing’ ‘amazing’ are also non-gradable adjectives. They already contain the idea of ‘very’ in their definitions – ‘freezing’ means ‘very cold’ etc.

像“terrifying令人恐懼的”“freezing嚴寒的”“amazing令人驚異的”同時也是不可分級的形容詞,因為它們本身已經包含了“very非常”的意義。

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Using adverbs of degree

用程度副詞修飾

When we use adverbs of degree to modify adjectives we usually have to use different adverbs for gradable and non-gradable adjectives.

當我們用程度副詞修飾形容詞的時候,我們通常要根據可分級的和不可分級的去選擇不同的副詞。

?? NOT I’m completely hot.

?? NOT It was very fantastic!

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With gradable adjectives

修飾可分級的形容詞的副詞

?? It’s a bit cold in here. Shall I turn the fire on?

?? He’s very interested in history. Why don’t you buy him a history book?

?? This exercise is really difficult. I don’t know any of the answers.

?? I’m extremely tired. I’m going to bed.

The adverbs a bit, very, really, extremely and quite can all be used with gradable adjectives.

這些副詞a bit, very, really, extremely和quite都可以用來修飾可分級的形容詞。


With non-gradable adjectives

修飾不可分級的形容詞

?? It’s absolutely freezing in here. Shall I turn the fire on?

?? He’s completely fascinated by history. Why don’t you buy him a history book?

?? This exercise is absolutely impossible.

?? That film is really terrifying. Don’t go and see it on your own.

The adverbs absolutely and completely can be used with non-gradable adjectives.

副詞absolutely 和completely可以用來修飾不可分級的形容詞。

Notice that really can be used with both gradable AND non-gradable adjectives.

請注意really可以同時用來修飾可分級的形容詞和不可分級的形容詞。

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NOTE: There are other adverbs of degree that we haven’t covered in this section. The ones included here are some of the most common.

我們這里只列舉出了最常見的。還有很多程度副詞大家要課后好好學習哦